stomatitis is found in some imported Ball Pythons. Bacteria that are
commonly found in the mouth are the most frequent culprits. Other causes can be
Stress, improper husbandry, overcrowding, parasites, trauma, and poor nutrition
are known triggers. Ulcerative Stomatitis can also be caused by bacteria,
viruses, and fungi such as Pseudomonas, Salmonella, Klebsiella, and Aeromonas. Once the snake is held by the head the
can be examined. For instruction on how to examine your Python Regius for
mouthrot please click this link. The infected area will appear packed with
caseous (cheesy looking) matter. The symptoms of mouthrot are swelling of the
upper jaw area above the opening of the mouth causing the labial scales to protrude
in an abnormal manner. Early signs include tiny purplish red spots in the
mouth, and firm, dry diseased tissue develops along the tooth row as the
In severe cases,
the infection can extend into the bony structures of the mouth. If you suspect
that your snake does have mouthrot you should contact a licensed veterinarian
immediately. Respiratory or gastrointestinal infection may develop if the
stomatitis is not treated promptly. Treatment requires the removal of any dead,
damaged, or infected tissue from the wound in order to expose healthy tissue
that will allow the wound to heal. The wound then needs to be cleansed with
antiseptics or antibiotics. Finally, whole system antibiotics and supportive
therapy should be given. Surgery may be needed in severe cases with slow-healing
sores or inflamed growth. Vitamin supplementation, especially with vitamins A
and C, may be helpful in some cases.
In mild cases,
the snake should be treated immediately so that the stomatitis does not worsen.
Treatment consists of gently removing, a little bit at a time, any caseous
matter and cleansing the affected areas with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution.
Betadine (povidone iodine) solution should be applied to the area on a daily
basis. Stomatitis is infectious and care should be taken to carefully wash your
hands and cleanse all utensils used in maintenance. With proper treatment, the
disease can clear within a few weeks. If you do not start to see any
improvements, contact a licensed veterinarian immediately.
I hope this information helps those who are experiencing possible Stomatitis with their snakes. Thank
you for your time.
Best of luck,
Living Art Reptiles.
Philippe de Vosjoli, Roger J. Klingenberg, DVM, and Living Art Reptiles.
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for general entertainment and educational purposes only, and should not be construed as medical advice, medical opinion, diagnosis
or treatment. Any information provided by this web site is not a substitute for actual medical attention. Always promptly
consult your licensed veterinary health-care professional for your pet's medical advice and treatment.